UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C.  20549
 

 
FORM 10-Q
 

 
(Mark One)
x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended: March 31, 2013

o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from ____________________ to ____________________.
 
Commission file number:  000-50053

CLEAN COAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
 (Exact name of small business issuer as specified in its charter)

NEVADA
26-1079442
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

295 Madison Avenue (12th Floor), New York, NY
10017
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)

(646) 710-3549
(Issuer’s telephone number)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), Yes x  and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  No x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer  ¨      Accelerated filer  ¨         Non-accelerated filer    ¨       Smaller reporting company  x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes  ¨  No  x
 
The number of shares outstanding of Registrant’s Common Stock as of May 10, 2013:  871,717,644 
 
 
 

 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Page
     
ITEM 1.
 3
     
ITEM 2. 
9
     
ITEM 3. 
12
     
ITEM 4. 
 13
     
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
 
     
ITEM 1.
 14
     
ITEM 1A.  
 14
     
ITEM 2. 
 14
     
ITEM 3.  
 14
     
ITEM 5.  
14
     
ITEM 6.  
14
     
15
 
 
 

 
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The accompanying unaudited financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and, therefore, do not include all information and footnotes necessary for a complete presentation of our financial position, results of operations, cash flows, and stockholders' equity in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. In the opinion of management, all adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation of the results of operations and financial position have been included and all such adjustments are of a normal recurring nature.
 
Clean Coal Technologies, Inc.
Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)
 
   
March 31,
   
December 31,
 
   
2013
   
2012
 
ASSETS
           
Current Assets
           
  Cash
  $ 244,089     $ 2,575,087  
  Prepaid expenses
    15,968       62,079  
  Other current assets
    450       450  
    Total Current Assets
    260,507       2,637,616  
                 
Property, plant and equipment, net of accumulated
  depreciation of $942 and $891, respectively
    77       128  
Construction in progress
    2,000,000       -  
      Total Assets
  $ 2,260,584     $ 2,637,744  
                 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
               
Current Liabilities
               
  Accounts payable
  $ 226,521     $ 183,058  
  Accounts payable to related parties
    575,450       579,950  
  Accrued liabilities
    704,415       729,006  
  Short-term debt
    90,000       90,000  
    Total Current Liabilities
    1,596,386       1,582,014  
                 
Stockholders' Equity
               
  Common stock, $0.00001 par value; 975,000,000 shares
    authorized, 862,217,644 and 851,067,644 shares issued
    and outstanding, respectively
    8,623       8,512  
  Additional paid-in capital
    210,849,924       209,966,240  
  Accumulated deficit
    (210,194,349 )     (208,919,022 )
    Total Stockholders' Equity
    664,198       1,055,730  
      Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
  $ 2,260,584     $ 2,637,744  
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited financial statements.
 
 
3

 
Clean Coal Technologies, Inc.
Statements of Operations
(Unaudited)
 
   
Three Months Ended
 
   
March 31,
 
   
2013
   
2012
 
             
Operating Expenses:
           
  General and administrative
  $ 388,836     $ 780,986  
  Consulting services
    856,366       529,194  
                 
Loss from Operations
    (1,245,202 )     (1,310,180 )
                 
Other Income (Expenses):
               
  Interest expense
    (30,125 )     (373,342 )
  Gain on change in fair value of derivative liability
    -       (249,728 )
    Total Other Income (Expenses)
    (30,125 )     (623,070 )
                 
Net loss
  $ (1,275,327 )   $ (1,933,250 )
                 
Net loss per share - basic and diluted
  $ (0.00 )   $ (0.00 )
                 
Weighted average common shares outstanding - basic and diluted
    854,440,422       598,882,901  
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited financial statements.
 
 
4

 
Clean Coal Technologies, Inc.
Statement of Stockholders' Equity
Three Months Ended March 31, 2013
(Unaudited)
 
               
Additional
             
   
Common Stock
   
Paid-In
   
Accumulated
   
Stockholders'
 
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Capital
   
Deficit
   
Equity
 
Balances at December 31, 2012
    851,067,644     $ 8,512     $ 209,966,240     $ (208,919,022 )   $ 1,055,730  
                                         
  Common stock sold for cash
    8,000,000       80       399,920       -       400,000  
                                         
  Common stock issued for services
    3,150,000       31       160,268       -       160,299  
                                         
  Options expense
    -       -       323,496       -       323,496  
                                         
  Net loss
    -       -       -       (1,275,327 )     (1,275,327 )
                                         
Balances at March 31, 2013
    862,217,644     $ 8,623     $ 210,849,924     $ (210,194,349 )   $ 664,198  


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited financial statements.
 
 
5

 
Clean Coal Technologies, Inc.
Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)

   
Three Months Ended
 
   
March 31,
 
   
2013
   
2012
 
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
           
  Net loss
  $ (1,275,327 )   $ (1,933,250 )
  Adjustment to reconcile net loss to net cash
    used in operating activities:
               
      Depreciation expense
    51       51  
      Amortization of debt discounts
    -       324,720  
      Amortization of deferred financing costs
    -       11,092  
      Shares issued for services
    160,299       14,512  
      Options expense
    323,496       -  
      Gain on change in fair value of derivative liability
    -       249,728  
      Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
               
        Prepaid expenses and other current assets
    46,111       4,650  
        Accounts payable
    43,463       (36,441 )
        Accounts payable - related party
    (4,500 )     34,085  
        Accrued expenses
    (24,591 )     (150,212 )
Net Cash Used In Operating Activities
    (730,998 )     (1,481,065 )
                 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
               
  Cash paid for construction in progress
    (2,000,000 )     -  
Net Cash Used in Investing Activities
    (2,000,000 )     -  
                 
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
               
  Proceeds from the sale of common stock
    400,000       -  
  Payments on related party debt
    -       (522,732 )
  Borrowings on convertible debt
    -       2,347,399  
  Payments on convertible debt
    -       (25,000 )
  Borrowings on debt
    -       458,000  
  Payments on debt
    -       (655,303 )
Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities
    400,000       1,602,364  
                 
NET CHANGE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
    (2,330,998 )     121,299  
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS - beginning of period
    2,575,087       8,342  
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS - end of period
  $ 244,089     $ 129,641  
                 
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES:
               
  Cash paid for interest
  $ -     $ 116,454  
  Cash paid for income taxes
    -       -  
                 
NON-CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
               
  Derivative liabilities recorded in additional paid-in capital
  $ -     $ 156,032  
  Derivative liabilities recorded as debt discounts
    -       187,880  
  Deferred financing costs accrued
    -       120,000  
  Common stock issued with debt
    -       81,921  
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited financial statements.
 
 
6

 
Clean Coal Technologies, Inc.
Notes to Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

NOTE 1: BASIS OF PRESENTATION

The accompanying unaudited interim financial statements of Clean Coal Technologies, Inc. (“Clean Coal”) have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America and the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission, and should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and notes thereto contained in Clean Coal’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC. In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited interim financial statements reflect all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, necessary to present fairly the financial position and the results of operations for the interim period presented herein. The results of operations for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year or for any future period. Notes to the financial statements which would substantially duplicate the disclosure contained in the audited financial statements for fiscal 2012 as reported in the Form 10K have been omitted.

NOTE 2: GOING CONCERN
 
The accompanying financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis of accounting which contemplates continuity of operations, realization of assets, liabilities, and commitments in the normal course of business. The accompanying financial statements do not reflect any adjustments that might result if the Clean Coal is unable to continue as a going concern. Clean Coal has an accumulated deficit and a working capital deficit as of March 31, 2013 with no significant revenues anticipated for the near term. Management believes Clean Coal will need to raise capital in order to operate over the next 12 months. As shown in the accompanying financial statements, Clean Coal has also incurred significant losses since inception. Clean Coal’s continuation as a going concern is dependent upon its ability to generate sufficient cash flow to meet its obligations on a timely basis and ultimately to attain profitability. Clean Coal has limited capital with which to pursue its business plan. There can be no assurance that Clean Coal’s future operations will be significant and profitable, or that Clean Coal will have sufficient resources to meet its objectives. These conditions raise substantial doubt as to Clean Coal’s ability to continue as a going concern. Management may pursue either debt or equity financing or a combination of both, in order to raise sufficient capital to meet Clean Coal’s financial requirements over the next twelve months and to fund its business plan. There is no assurance that management will be successful in raising additional funds.

NOTE 3: CONSTRUCTION IN PROGRESS

Construction in progress of $2,000,000 as of March 31, 2013 consists of the first payment made during February 2013 for the construction of a 2-ton/hour pilot plant in Oklahoma. The total cost of the project, including testing to take place at a designated site in Oklahoma, is estimated at $3,600,000. Commissioning of the pilot plant is expected during the second quarter of 2013.

NOTE 4: RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
 
At March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, unpaid services provided by related parties totaled $575,450 and $579,950, respectively. The payables are unsecured, bear no interest and are due on demand.

NOTE 5: SHORT-TERM DEBT
 
As of March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, the Company has one outstanding note payable with a principal balance of $90,000. The note is unsecured, bears interest at 8% per annum and originally matured on December 10, 2012. On January 1, 2013, the maturity date on this note was extended to December 1, 2013.

NOTE 6: COMMITMENTS

On March 22, 2013, Clean Coal entered into a consulting agreement with a term of six months and a monthly cash fee of $8,000. In connection with the agreement, Clean Coal issued the consultant 500,000 common shares which vested on the effective date of the agreement. In addition, Clean Coal granted the consultant an aggregate of 1,000,000 common stock options which have a term of 3 years and the following exercise prices and vesting terms: 400,000 options are exercisable at $0.15 per share and vest on March 22, 2013, 300,000 options are exercisable at $0.25 per share and vest on July 1, 2013 and 300,000 options are exercisable at $0.35 per share and vest on July 1, 2013 (see Note 7).
 
 
7


NOTE 7: EQUITY TRANSACTIONS
 
Common Stock
 
During the three months ended March 31, 2013, the Company issued an aggregate of 3,150,000 common shares for services valued at $160,299 and sold 8,000,000 common shares for cash proceeds of $400,000.

Options

Total stock option expense was $323,496 for the three months ended March 31, 2013. As of March 31, 2013, there was an aggregate of $749,938 that will be expensed over the remaining vesting period of the outstanding option through July 1, 2014.

On March 22, 2013, Clean Coal granted a consultant an aggregate of 1,000,000 common stock options which have a term of 3 years and the following exercise prices and vesting terms: 400,000 options are exercisable at $0.15 per share and vest on March 22, 2013, 300,000 options are exercisable at $0.25 per share and vest on July 1, 2013 and 300,000 options are exercisable at $0.35 per share and vest on July 1, 2013. The fair value of these options was determined to be $31,307 using the Black-Scholes Option Pricing Model. The significant assumptions used in the model include (1) discount rate of 0.39%, (2) expected term of 3 years (3) expected volatility of 126.53% and (4) zero expected dividends. $15,675 was expensed during the three months ended March 31, 2013 and $15,632 will be expensed over the remaining vesting periods.

A summary of stock option activity for the three months ended March 31, 2013 is as follows:

         
Weighted
 
         
Average
 
   
Options
   
Exercise Price
 
Outstanding - December 31, 2012
    46,000,000     $ 0.22  
Granted
    1,000,000       0.24  
Forfeited/canceled
    -       -  
Exercised
    -       -  
Outstanding – March 31, 2013
    47,000,000     $ 0.22  
Exercisable – March 31, 2013
    10,400,000     $ 0.03  

The weighted average remaining life of the outstanding options as of March 31, 2013 was 6.1 years, the weighted average grant date fair value of the options granted during the three months ended March 31, 2013 was $0.031 and the intrinsic value of the exercisable options as of March 31, 2013 was $200,000.

NOTE 8: SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

During April 2013, the Company entered into an agreement with a consultant for media and investor relations services. The term of the agreement is for 6 months. The Company paid the consultant $125,000 in cash and issued 7,500,000 shares of its common stock. In May 2013, the Company awarded two engineering consultants one million shares each of the Company’s common stock for extraordinary work on the pilot plant design. The consultants also each received options for the purchase of one million shares at an exercise price of $.05 per share, vesting December 31, 2013 and exercisable until December 31, 2018.
 
 
8

 
ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS AND FACTORS THAT MAY AFFECT FUTURE RESULTS
 
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties, as well as assumptions that, if they do not materialize or prove correct, could cause our results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. All statements other than statements of historical fact are statements that could be deemed forward-looking statements, including, but not limited to, statements concerning: our plans, strategies and objectives for future operations; new products or developments; future economic conditions, performance or outlook; the outcome of contingencies; expected cash flows or capital expenditures; our beliefs or expectations; activities, events or developments that we intend, expect, project, believe or anticipate will or may occur in the future; and assumptions underlying any of the foregoing. Forward-looking statements may be identified by their use of forward-looking terminology, such as “believes,” “expects,” “may,” “should,” “would,” “will,” “intends,” “plans,” “estimates,” “anticipates,” “projects” and similar words or expressions. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which reflect our management’s opinions only as of the date of the filing of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and are not guarantees of future performance or actual results
 
Overview
 
Clean Coal Technologies, Inc. (“We,” “Company” or “Clean Coal”) owns a patented technology that we believe will provide cleaner and/or more efficient energy at low cost through the use of the world’s most abundant fossil fuel, coal. Our technology is designed to utilize controlled heat to extract and capture pollutants and moisture from low-rank coal, transforming it into a cleaner-burning, more energy-efficient fuel prior to combustion. Our proprietary coal cleaning process is designed to ensure that the carbon in coal maintains its structural integrity during the heating process while the volatile matter (polluting material) within the coal turns into a gaseous state and is removed from the coal. We have trade-marked the name “PRISTINE™” as a means of differentiating our processed product from the negative connotations generally associated with coal, and its traditional use. PRISTINE™ is applicable for a variety of applications, including coal-fired power stations, chemical byproduct extraction, and as a source fuel for coal-to-gas and coal-to-liquid technologies.

In September 2011, we filed a provisional application for a patent on a new technology known as Pristine M. The new technology is a moisture substitution technology that, owing to the superior quality of the product and attractive economics, is expected to be highly successful in the moisture removal business globally.  
 
Current or Pending Projects. We have dedicated maximum effort to develop a global commercial platform around a series of strategic partnerships. We have signed a 25-year Technology License Agreement (“TLA”) with Jindal Steel and Power, Ltd. (“Jindal”). Under the TLA, the Company will receive an on-going royalty fee of one dollar ($1.00) per metric ton on all coal processed from Jindal majority-owned mines in the ASEAN region, up to four million tons or four million dollars ($4,000,000) per annum with a waiver of additional royalty fees on further processed coal up to a total of eight million tons per year. If coal processing increases above eight million tons per year, the royalty will be reinstated and the parties have agreed to review the rate.
 
Jindal will also pay the Company a one-time license fee of seven-hundred and fifty thousand dollars ($750,000).  The first installment of the license fee, three-hundred and seventy-five thousand dollars ($375,000), has been paid pursuant to the signing of the pilot plant construction contract. The balance of three-hundred and seventy-five thousand dollars ($375,000) will be due upon the successful testing of the pilot plant which is expected to be completed during the third quarter of fiscal 2013.
 
For our ASEAN region joint venture initiative, we entered into  a joint venture with the Archean Group (“AGPL”) to develop deploy and market our Pristine M technology throughout the ASEAN region (including Indonesia, the Philippines, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Brunei, Thailand, Laos and Myanmar). On December 18, 2012, we sent a notice of termination, effective immediately, to AGPL. On April 20, 2013, we signed a settlement agreement with AGPL (“Settlement Agreement”). The Settlement Agreement includes provisions for mutual release of all claims related to the agreements, dissolution of the Joint Venture Agreement in Respect of Good Coal, Pte. Ltd (“Good Coal”), effective June 5, 2012, between the Company and AGPL (the “JV Agreement”) and the Technology License Agreement, effective May 31, 2012, between the Company and Good Coal (the “TLA”).
 
On February 5, 2013, we signed a construction and testing contract (“EPC Agreement”) with SAIC Constructors, LLC (“SAIC”). We also remitted the first payment of $2 million to SAIC for the construction of the 2-ton/hour, pilot plant in Oklahoma, as per the terms of the new contract.  Total cost of the project, including testing to take place at a designated site in Oklahoma, is estimated at $3.6 million. Commissioning of the pilot plant is expected during the third quarter of 2013. As sole counterparty to the EPC contract, we will own the completed pilot plant outright. We entered into the ECP Agreement to ensure that there is little or no disruption in the pilot plant construction schedule.
 
 
9


 In March 2013, we negotiated an early closing of part of the second tranche of investment with Ventrillion Management Group (“Ventrillion”). Under the amended agreement, Ventrillion purchased 8,000,000 million shares for $400,000.

Other projects

Pending resolution of legalities surrounding the change in ownership of the interests of the Chinese partner in the Inner Mongolia joint venture company, we are seeking to transition the Company’s involvement from full joint venture partner to merely a licensor.  Although the proposed project has all permits fully approved, there has been no recent activity to move the project forward.
 
In our continued effort to expand global awareness for our technology and to build a potential pipeline of business for when the 1:15 scale plant is successfully commissioned, we have signed an NDA with a company in Australia that has significant coal assets in Southern Australia. We have also signed NDA’s with two major Russian coal companies, one with a company in Serbia and another with a major Indian conglomerate. In each case we are in the early stages of exchanging information and determining how best our technology might be deployed.
 
Factors Affecting Results of Operations
 
Our operating expenses include the following:
 · Consulting expenses, which consist primarily of amounts paid for technology development and design and engineering services;
· General and administrative expenses, which consist primarily of salaries, commissions and related benefits paid to our employees, as well as office and travel expenses;
· Research and development expenses, which consist primarily of equipment and materials used in the development and testing of our technology; and
· Legal and professional expenses, which consist primarily of amounts paid for patent protections, audit, disclosure, and reporting services.

Results of Operations
 
The following information should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes appearing elsewhere in this Report. We have generated limited revenues from inception to date. We anticipate that we may not receive any significant revenues from operations until we begin to receive royalty revenues which we estimate will be approximately 12 to 14 months after the successful testing of the plant anticipated in the third quarter of fiscal 2013 and an EPC contract has been signed to build a commercial scale facility. We are also in preliminary discussions with companies, business groups, consortiums in the USA and Asia to license our technology, which, if successful, could realize limited short-term revenue opportunities from the signing of technology licensing agreements.
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2013 and March 31, 2012
 
Revenues
 
We have generated no revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and the same period in 2012. In the third quarter of fiscal 2012, we received an initial license fee of $375,000 from Jindal paid pursuant to the signing of our pilot plant construction contract. The balance of $375,000 will be due upon the successful testing of the pilot plant, anticipated in the third quarter of fiscal 2013. We do not anticipate additional license revenues until the pilot plant has been successfully tested, and do not expect to receive any royalty fees for approximately 12 to 14 months after an EPC contract has been signed to build a commercial scale facility.
 
Operating Expenses
 
Our operating expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2013 totaled $1,245,202 compared to $1,310,180 for the same period in the prior year. The decrease in operating expenses for the 2013 fiscal period is due mainly to lower costs for bonuses paid to employees and lower general and administrative expenses.
 
We recorded stock-based compensation of $478,542 for the three months ended March 31, 2013, compared to $14,512 for the same period in the prior year. During the three months ended March 31, 2013, we issued an aggregate of 3,150,000 common shares for services and recorded options expense of $323,496.
 
 
10


In March 2013, we entered into a consulting agreement with ProActive Resources Advisory Group, LLC, a strategic advisory, investor relations and public relations firm. The agreement is for a term of six months and a monthly cash fee of $8,000. In connection with the agreement, we issued ProActive 500,000 restricted shares of our common stock and granted an aggregate of 1,000,000 common stock options which have a term of 3 years and the following exercise prices and vesting terms: 400,000 options are exercisable at $0.15 per share and vest on March 22, 2013, 300,000 options are exercisable at $0.25 per share and vest on July 1, 2013 and 300,000 options are exercisable at $0.35 per share and vest on July 1, 2013.
 
Employees
 
As of March 31, 2013, we had two full-time executives, and one full-time administrative employee. President and CEO Robin Eves, and Chief Operations Officer, Ignacio Ponce de Leon have written employment agreements. Our administrative employee is at-will. Messrs. Eves and Ponce de Leon received no compensation for their participation on the Board of Directors. We have an oral consulting agreement with C.J. Douglas, a shareholder who provides services that support our administrative and accounting functions on a month-to-month basis, at $20,000 per month.

Net Income/Loss
 
For the three months ended March 31, 2013 we experienced a net loss of $1,275,327 compared to $1,933,250for the same period for the prior year. For the three months ended March 31, 2013 we incurred losses from operations of $1,245,202 and $1,310,180for the three months ended March 31, 2012. We incurred interest expense of $30,125 for the three months ended March 31, 2013, and $373,342 for the three months ended March 31, 2012.
 
We anticipate losses from operations will increase during the next twelve months due to costs associated with the pilot plant completion and testing, as well as anticipated increased payroll expenses as we add necessary staff and increases in legal and accounting expenses associated with maintaining a reporting company. We expect that we will continue to have net losses from operations for several years until revenues from operating facilities become sufficient to offset operating expenses, unless we are successful in the sale of licenses for our technology once the pilot plant testing is complete.

Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
We have generated minimal revenues since inception. We have obtained cash for operating expenses through advances and/or loans from affiliates and stockholders, the sale of common stock, the issuance of loans and convertible debentures subsequently converted to common stock and the receipt of $375,000 in license fees from Jindal as described above.

Net Cash Used in Operating Activities. Our primary source of operating cash during the three months ended March 31, 2013, was proceeds from the sale of shares to Ventrillion Management Group, LLC in December 2012. Our primary uses of funds in operations were the payment of professional and consulting fees and general operating expenses.
 
Net cash used in operating activities, was $730,998 for the three months ended March 31, 2013 compared to net cash used of $1,481,065for the same period in 2012. Non-cash items in 2013 included shares issued for services valued at $160,299, options expense of $323,496 and depreciation expense of $51. Non-cash items in 2012 included shares issued for services valued at $14,512, amortization of loan discounts of $324,720, amortization of deferred financing costs of $11,092, loss on derivative liabilities of $249,728 and depreciation expense of $51. During the three months ended March 31, 2013, we experienced a decrease in prepaid expenses of $46,111, an increase in accounts payable of $43,463, a decrease in related party payables of $4,500 and a decrease in accrued liabilities of $24,591.

Net Cash Used In Investing Activities. Net cash used in investing activities for the three month ended March 31, 2013 consisted of $2,000,000 paid for the construction of the pilot plant. We did not engage in investing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2012.

Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities. Net cash provided by financing activities during the three months ended March 31, 2013 totaled $400,000 consisting of cash received for the sale of common stock. Net cash provided by financing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2012 totaled $1,602,364 consisting of borrowings on debt and convertible debt of $2,805,399, offset by payments on debt and convertible debt of $680,303 and payments on related party debt of $522,732.

Cash Position and Outstanding Indebtedness
 
Our total indebtedness at March 31, 2013 was $1,596,386, which consists entirely of current liabilities. Current liabilities consist primarily of accounts payable, accounts payable to related parties, short-term debt and accrued liabilities. At March 31, 2013, we had current assets of $244,089 in cash and $16,418 in prepaid expenses and other current assets. Our working capital deficit at March 31, 2013 was 1,335,879. We had property, plant and equipment (net of accumulated depreciation) of $77 and construction in progress of $2,000,000 at March 31, 2013.
 
 
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Contractual Obligations and Commitments
 
The following table summarizes our contractual cash obligations and other commercial commitments at March 31, 2013.

   
Payments due by period
 
   
Total
   
Less than
1 year
   
1 to 3 years
   
3 to 5 years
   
After 5 years
 
Facility lease (1)
 
$
8,625
   
$
8,625
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
 
Total contractual cash obligations
 
$
8,625
   
$
8,625
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
 
 
(1)  
Our New York lease is for six months, beginning August 1, 2012, at a monthly rate of $2,875 per month. It was extended through June 2013 at the same monthly rate.
 
SAIC Energy Environment & Infrastructure (SEE&I), our engineering consultant has tentatively estimated construction costs for each one million short ton coal complete cleaning facility of approximately $120 million (excluding land costs) or costs for a similar size Pristine-M-only facility of approximately $45-50 million (excluding land costs). Under the terms of our consulting agreement with SEE&I, we are obligated to pay to SEE&I a fee representing five percent of all gross revenues received by us from the sale of our technology, the operation of franchised plants utilizing the technology, or revenue received on any other basis that is related to the technology. This fee will remain in effect for a period of 15 years, commencing from the date that we receive our initial revenue stream from operations. All intellectual property rights associated with new art developed by SEE&I remain our property, however SEE&I would have a “right to use” the intellectual property provided it is deployed in non-competitive projects.
 
Construction of the pilot plant in Oklahoma is underway with completion and testing anticipated to be completed in the third quarter of fiscal 2013. We have paid $2,000,000 towards the plant and estimate completion will require an additional $1,600,000.
 
Based on our current operational costs and including the capital requirements for our project deployments, we estimate we will need a total of approximately $3,500,000 to fund the Company for the balance of fiscal year 2013 and an additional $5,000,000 to continue for the following fiscal year (2014) or until an initial commercial plant is up and running. At this filing date, we have a commitment from Ventrillion for $10,600,000 in additional funding contingent on shareholder approval of a reverse split of our common stock and completion and successful testing of the pilot plant. Assuming we receive shareholder approval and succeed in testing, we believe we will have sufficient funding to meet both the additional costs of the pilot plant construction and funding for our operations although we may need some interim funding until the pilot plant is operational. We are also actively pursuing technology license and royalty agreements in order to begin construction of other facilities without incurring the capital costs associated with the construction of future plants.
 
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
 
We have not and do not have any relationships with unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships, such as entities often referred to as structured finance or special purpose entities, which would have been established for the purpose of establishing off-balance sheet arrangements or other contractually narrow or limited purposes. Therefore, we do not believe we are exposed to any financing, liquidity, market or credit risk that could arise if we had engaged in such relationships.

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

We are exposed to changes in prevailing market interest rates affecting the return on our investments but do not consider this interest rate market risk exposure to be material to our financial condition or results of operations. We invest primarily in United States Treasury instruments with short-term (less than one year) maturities. The carrying amount of these investments approximates fair value due to the short-term maturities. Under our current policies, we do not use derivative financial instruments, derivative commodity instruments or other financial instruments to manage our exposure to changes in interest rates or commodity prices.
 
 
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ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

As of March 31, 2013, we carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer (the same person), of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Based on this evaluation, management concluded that our financial disclosure controls and procedures were not effective due to our limited internal resources and lack of ability to have multiple levels of transaction review. We presently have only one officer and one employee. Inasmuch as there is no segregation of duties within the Company, there is no management oversight, no control documentation being produced, and no one to review control documentation if it was being produced.

There were no changes in disclosure controls and procedures that occurred during the period covered by this report that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially effect, our disclosure controls and procedures. We do not expect to implement any changes to our disclosure controls and procedures until there is a significant change in our operations or capital resources.
 
 

 
 
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PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

Clean Coal Technologies, Inc. was served with a Statement on or about January 23, 2013 in an international arbitration proceeding titled Beijing Deheng Law Firm v. Clean Coal Technologies, Inc., #x20230033, filed with the China International Economic and Trade Arbitration Commission (“CIETAC”). The Beijing Deheng Law Firm (“Deheng”) has filed a claim against the Company for alleged breach of a Settlement Agreement to pay legal fees and costs in the alleged amount of approximately $115,908 plus fees and costs. The Company intends to contest the claim due to misrepresentations concerning the lack of qualifications of the purported attorney rendering the services as well as apparent conflicts of interest among parties related to Deheng that are currently under investigation by the Company.

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS
 
For information regarding risk factors, see “Part I. Item 1A. Risk Factors,” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2012.
 
ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

 In March 2013, we negotiated an early closing of part of the second tranche of investment with Ventrillion Management Group (“Ventrillion”) per the Stock Purchase Agreement signed in December 2012. Under the amended agreement, Ventrillion purchased 8,000,000 million shares for $400,000.

The above shares were issued in reliance on the exemption from registration pursuant to Section 4(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and the regulations promulgated thereunder. The issuance was for investment, the transaction was privately negotiated and did not involve any kind of public solicitation.

ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

None.

ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION

 
ITEM 6. EXHIBITS
 
EXHIBIT NO.
DESCRIPTION
   
31
32
   
101.INS
XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
 
 
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SIGNATURES

In accordance with the requirements of the Exchange Act, the registrant caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
Clean Coal Technologies
 
       
Date: May 13, 2013
By:
/s/ Robin Eves 
 
   
Robin Eves
 
   
President, CEO, and Acting Chief Financial Officer
 
 
 
 
 
 
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